My father was a U.S. Army officer held at an Oflag in Poland from 1943-1945. Many of the rules of the Geneva Convention were followed at this camp--more or less, and at least until the Winter of 1944-1945.
A few of his fellow POWs were doctors, and they provided medical care for the other POWs at the camp. One of them was even occasionally sent to the POW hospital in Wollstien to assist with medical care.
The 1929 Geneva Convention for the Amelioration of the Condition of the Wounded & Sick in Armies in the Field states that "Personnel engaged exclusively in the collection, transport and treatment of the wounded and sick... and in the administration of medical formation and establishments...shall not be treated as prisoners of war..." if they "fall into enemy hands." It goes on to say that "they shall be sent back to the belligerent to which they belong as soon as a route for their return shall be open and military considerations permit..."
These doctors were not returned, and with the exception of one, they were not repatriated (nor did they request to be returned.)
Was it typical for the Germans to hold on to Allied doctors? Did the Germans perhaps claim that the docs were armed when captured, and therefore not "engaged exclusively" in medical care? Or, was this holding of doctors one of the Geneva Convention rules that was not followed? The doctors were much needed at the camps--could they have requested to stay on?
Thank you for any guidance!